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Title: First-century Mark: More Information!
Source: The Text of the Gospels
URL Source: http://www.thetextofthegospels.com/ ... ury-mark-more-information.html
Published: Jul 14, 2017
Author: James Snapp, Jr.
Post Date: 2018-01-30 14:29:37 by redleghunter
Ping List: *Archeology and Digs*     Subscribe to *Archeology and Digs*
Keywords: None
Views: 999
Comments: 14

Back in 2012 there were statements a fragment from the Gospel of Mark was found in a mummy mask. Initial dating estimates put the date within the 1st Century AD. Below is an update on the latest information and why the process to publish the results have been delayed.

Remember the announcement in 2012 about the existence of a first-century manuscript-fragment from the Gospel of Mark?  Here we are five years later, and after various rumors have come and gone, it has still not been published.  This has led some folks to suspect that the announcement might have been premature, or that the dating must be wildly inaccurate, or even that it was all some sort of groundless claim.   However, footage of a discussion between Scott Carroll and Josh McDowell from 2015, provided by Hezekiah Domowski, was found by Elijah Hixson, and was recently described by Peter Gurry at the Evangelical Textual Criticism blog. 

We already had the means to deduce – if one is willing to take the reports about the fragment at face value – that that the papyrus fragment is very early (possibly from the first century), and that it probably contains text from Mark chapter 1, and that Dirk Obbink was probably involved in analyzing its contents, and that Scott Carroll had seen the fragment.   Now some of the “probably” factor seems to be diminished.  We also learn in this video that the Green Collection does not have the manuscript, or, at least, that Scott Carroll was confident that someone else owned it in 2015.

I made a full transcript of the discussion between Scott Carroll and Josh McDowell, and then checked it against the transcript made by Peter Gurry.  I have added a few embedded links and pictures.  Here it the transcript: 

McDowell:  How was it discovered, and who –

Carroll:  I can give you some basic information.  It’s in the process –

McDowell:  He’s limited on what he can share, because it’s being published right now and all, and the owner of it might want to remain anonymous, et cetera.  So he’s limited on what he can share with us.

Carroll:  Correct.  These things are tricky.  I first worked with the papyrus in 2012; so, it was discovered earlier than that.  It wasn’t discovered by me.  Although the group that’s working on its publication did some [??] – it’s very tempting, when you get the press, and Fox News, and other press agencies are after [it?]; you want to get information on it, and some stuff was leaked, and they contacted me, I think, about a year ago, wanting some definitive information on how it was extracted from a mummy-covering.  And I was not involved in that process.             When I saw it, I can tell you, it was relaxed, which means it was flat.  If it had been extracted – if it was extracted from a context like that, there’s no evidence of it, to me.  It looks like it was just a text that was found.  Now, a lot of the texts that come to light in this kind of context, like, if I went back to the picture, and we looked at the pile, you can see that a lot of this stuff has white on it; and that’s, like, the residue of the plaster.  So these things came from mummy-coverings.

McDowell: Isn’t that interesting.  I thought it was [??] –  

Carroll:  No, no.  So, they probably were in a burial-setting, or something like that, and over time, it just separated, one from another, but we can look and it was originally part of it.  Now, this Mark may have been in that kind of context; I’m not sure.             I saw it in, at Oxford University, at Christ Church College, and it was in the possession of an outstanding and well-known, eminent classicist.  I saw it again in 2013.  There were some delays with its purchasing.  And I was working at that time with the Green Family Collection, which I had the privilege of organizing and putting together for the Hobby Lobby family, and hoped that they would, at that time, acquire it.  And they delayed, and didn’t.  We were preparing an exhibit for the Vatican Library, and I wanted this to be the showpiece in that exhibit. 

McDowell: Why wouldn’t?

Carroll:  I know; wouldn’t that have been awesome?  But it was not the timing, and so it was passed on, and delayed.  It has since been acquired.  I can’t say by whom.  It is in the process of being prepared for publication.  And what’s important to say –

McDowell:  What does that mean?  ‘The process of being prepared’?  What does that mean?

Carroll:  It’s a lengthy process.  Actually, going through – especially with this, because it’s gonna get – it’s gonna go out there, and there are gonna be people immediate trying to tear it down, questioning its provenance, where it came from, what it dates to – especially the date.  So they want an ironclad argument on the dating of this document, so that it won’t be – um, they have a responsibility to do that.  This is going to be very critical, and raise – it’ll be a major flashpoint in the media when this happens.

McDowell:  Who’s the main person responsible in the publishing [process?]?

Carroll:  Well, the most important person of note is Dirk Obbink, who is –

McDowell:  This is a lot more information than we heard last time.

Carroll:  Yeah, it is.  Dirk Obbink is an outstanding scholar; he’s one of the world’s leading specialists on papyri. He directs the collection – for students who are in here, you may remember hearing the word ‘Oxyrhynchus’ Papyri – he is the director of the Oxyrhynchus papyri.  I can’t speak to his own personal faith position; I don’t think he would define himself as an evangelical in any sense of the word, but he is not – he doesn’t have a derogatory attitude at all.  He’s a supportive person.             He specializes in the dating of handwriting.  And as he was looking at the – both times I saw the papyrus, it was in his possession – so, it was at Oxford, at Christ Church, and actually on his pool-table, in his office, along with a number of mummy-heads.  So, you have these mummy-heads –

McDowell:  So you played pool –

Carroll:  No.  And, you’ve got that document there, and that’s the setting – it’s kind of surreal.  And Dirk, Dirk was wrestling with dating somewhere between 70 A.D. and 120, 110, 120.

McDowell:  That early?

Carroll:  Yes, A.D.

McDowell;  Whoa.  That’s [??] an old manuscript. And Mark!

Carroll:  Mark is one that the critics have always dated late, so this is, like, I can hear their arguments being formulated now.  So this is what the later authors were quoting.

McDowell:  Folks, make sure:  that is all tentative.  And you may say that, right?”

Carroll:  Yeah, yeah.

McDowell:  That is just an assumption in there.  So don’t go out and say, “There’s a manuscript dated 70 A.D.”  How long do we have to wait, probably, to know specifically?

Carroll:  “I would say, in this next year, all right.  Any delays that are going to happen over the next couple of months are delays with the publisher to publish this.  If the route is to go to a major journal, they’ll of course want it to happen quickly, but there’ll be some delays through the whole academic process and all. 

McDowell:  So keep that in mind; that, don’t go out and say, well, Dr. Scott Carroll says it’s dated between 70 A.D. – we don’t really know yet.  But those are probably the parameters for it.  But it will be – now this is my opinion – the oldest ever discovered.

Carroll:  Yeah; I think this without question.  With manuscripts, um, the Rylands John fragment, it’s always like, 115 through 140 or maybe even later than that; so it’s kind of pushed to around the middle of the second century.  This is gonna be earlier than that; textbooks will change with this discovery.

McDowell:  So When this hits the media, you will hear about it.

Carroll:  Yes, you will.

McDowell:  It’ll be on every program.  So, be careful about what you share from tonight.  It’s good to be able to be updated and to hear [??]; I didn’t know that.  [Changing the subject:]  What is one of the most significant discoveries that have been made in the last four or five years?

And there the video ends. 

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#1. To: redleghunter (#0)

The man on the Shroud of Turin has a XX chromosomal pattern, a very rare thing indeed for males, perhaps 1 in 250,000.

Blood type AB is also the rarest, and it is found on the Shroud, and on the Oviedo Cloth, and in the Lanciano Eucharistic Miracle of 600 years later.

So, the obvious next step is to test all three samples for the XX Chromosome again. Confirm that it is on the Shroud and the Oviedo cloth, and you will have demonstrated what has always been known: that these pieces were together in the tomb of Jesus and both contain his blood.

Then confirm the XX and the type AB in the Lanciano miracle, and you will have crossed time, and given the probabilities, have demonstrated both the divinity of Christ and the literal truth of transubstantiation, all in one set of tests.

Pretty neat.

Vicomte13  posted on  2018-01-30   15:45:05 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#2. To: Vicomte13 (#1)

XX chromosomal pattern

That's a testicular disorder.

redleghunter  posted on  2018-01-30   15:56:55 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#3. To: Vicomte13 (#1)

So, the obvious next step is to test all three samples for the XX Chromosome again. Confirm that it is on the Shroud and the Oviedo cloth, and you will have demonstrated what has always been known: that these pieces were together in the tomb of Jesus and both contain his blood.

I just thought of a kewl movie plot. They clone Jesus from the shroud.

A K A Stone  posted on  2018-01-30   15:57:25 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#4. To: redleghunter (#2)

That's a testicular disorder.

No, it's a chromosomal pattern: a male with two X-chromosomes. It's rare. And interesting.

Vicomte13  posted on  2018-01-30   15:58:05 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#5. To: A K A Stone (#3)

I just thought of a kewl movie plot. They clone Jesus from the shroud.

I wrote that book years ago, from a dream.

But the guy has to clone him from the Oviedo Cloth, because a crazed fanatic sets fire to the Shroud and burns it up.

There's the biggest lottery winner in history funding the project too - not the cloning, the study of the Shroud. (It's the lead scientist on the project, Giuseppe, who broods on what he is seeing, goes mad, and clones Jesus. A Filipina girl is brought to carry the boy to term.)

The Story is called "Second Coming". It'd make an interesting movie, I suppose.

But I never published it, because it cries for a sequel and while the entire plot of the first story came to me in a vivid dream. No dream followed to know what happens.

The first story ends with the little boy, age 4 or 5, standing with his "Father", Giuseppe (Joe), who is by then quite deranged, in the Turin Cathedral looking at a life-sized photograph of the Shroud (the original having been destroyed by fire by the crazed Chinese atheist scientist on the study). Joe points at the image and says to the boy "That is you." And the boy thinks twice "What does Papa mean? What does Papa mean."

Looking down from a partially concealed walkway above, in the shadows are two concerned robed figures (perhaps Dominican monks) who are, apparently, following the pair below. Close.

The story is a vehicle to present all of the hard science of the Shroud and the Oviedo Cloth, to point out their link, all of it.

There are three ways a sequel could go. Christ Returns. Antichrist in the perfect disguise. Or normal boy in extraordinary circumstances surrounded by crazy people. Without another dream I cannot write the sequel, because I don't know where the story goes. (I didn't think up the first story. It literally wrote itself all at once in a single dream.)

Vicomte13  posted on  2018-01-30   16:09:51 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#6. To: Vicomte13 (#5)

The first story ends with the little boy, age 4 or 5, standing with his "Father", Giuseppe (Joe), who is by then quite deranged, in the Turin Cathedral looking at a life-sized photograph of the Shroud (the original having been destroyed by fire by the crazed Chinese atheist scientist on the study). Joe points at the image and says to the boy "That is you." And the boy thinks twice "What does Papa mean? What does Papa mean."

"Never mind, little Damien. All will become clear."

Tooconservative  posted on  2018-01-30   19:48:47 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#7. To: redleghunter, GarySpFc (#0)

We've been waiting to see this fragment or even to learn anything about which textual variant it represents.

I've begun to think that we'll never see it. It'll drag on and on, like the Dead Sea Scrolls did.

Tooconservative  posted on  2018-01-30   19:50:41 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#8. To: redleghunter (#0)

Much ado about nothing, I would have expected Mcdowell to hone in on facts, but the only fact here is there might be an old parchment

paraclete  posted on  2018-01-30   19:58:36 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#9. To: Tooconservative (#6)

"Never mind, little Damien. All will become clear."

I never saw the Omen or the Exorcist. Should I watch them?

Vicomte13  posted on  2018-01-30   20:25:03 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#10. To: Vicomte13 (#4)

No, it's a chromosomal pattern: a male with two X-chromosomes. It's rare. And interesting.

Which involves deformed male genitalia.

Meaning according to Leviticus 21, Mary and Joseph would not be able to take baby Jesus into the Temple for dedication as they did in Luke 2. Also what Peter writes in 1 Peter 1 "lamb without blemish" would be inaccurate.

redleghunter  posted on  2018-01-30   21:25:17 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#11. To: Tooconservative (#6)

"Never mind, little Damien. All will become clear."

Lol

redleghunter  posted on  2018-01-30   21:26:40 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#12. To: Vicomte13 (#9)

I never saw the Omen or the Exorcist. Should I watch them?

Damien was the Omen's antichrist.

At the risk of setting off a 500-post thread, the prophecies seem to indicate that the Antichrist will be a false messiah that fools everyone (making Mideast peace, restoring the Temple and Israel, etc.). Then Jesus will finally show up to kick his ass.

Here's the quick South Park version:

Tooconservative  posted on  2018-01-30   21:30:16 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#13. To: redleghunter (#10)

It does not perforce mean deformed genetalia. At any rate, the image on the Shroud is a miracle, it's from Jerusalem first century, and the guy had XX chromosomal structures.

Vicomte13  posted on  2018-01-30   21:49:07 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#14. To: Vicomte13, redleghunter (#13)

It does not perforce mean deformed genetalia.

You're saying that Jesus might have been a hermaphrodite, that there was a good chance that that was his condition. Also that he might have had the physique of a female, not a male. And that he was a sterile male.

It is an intersex condition.

So you're also saying that the Son of Man wasn't really a man. I'm sure you know all the ancient disputes over that topic. Theologically, any time you lessen the humanity of Christ, you make him less and less a man, more of a godlike being in some sort of human disguise. Again, the ancient records are full of these arguments.

No, it won't do. I think that the vast bulk of theological works worth considering insist that Jesus was a man, in every sense, that he experienced the same conditions of life as his contemporaries, i.e. he did not lead a magical existence of some kind or possess a freakish body outside the human norm.

Tooconservative  posted on  2018-01-31   12:57:13 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


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