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Title: Court: No Immunity For Federal Agent Who Made Elderly Woman Stand In Urine-Soaked Pants For Two Hours While He Questioned Her (Update on Moon Rock Story)
Source: TechDirt
URL Source: https://www.techdirt.com/articles/2 ... -while-he-questioned-her.shtml
Published: Apr 19, 2017
Author: Tim Cushing
Post Date: 2017-04-21 09:54:23 by Deckard
Keywords: None
Views: 126
Comments: 6

from the tough-on-(moon-related)-crime dept

The Ninth Circuit Appeals Court has affirmed a lower court's stripping of a federal officer's qualified immunity in a… moon rock sting case. This is a thing. Relatives and friends of NASA personnel have received what they believe are gifts from them -- items containing moon rock pieces, or heat shield fragments, or whatever. The problem here is the government believes it owns anything related to its exploration missions.

It's not always illegal to be in possession of these items, but as Lowering the Bar's Kevin Underhill explains, it's almost always going to be treated as illegal by the federal government.

[I]f you have or even claim to have any lunar material, or some other piece of Apollo memorabilia, the government is quite likely to treat you as a criminal if it finds out—even if, as in this case, it had no proof at all that the suspect got it illegally (or even that it was what she claimed).

The "she" here is Joann Davis, whose late husband worked on the Apollo program. He was given two Apollo souvenirs by Neil Armstrong -- paperweights containing pieces of a moon rock and a heat shield, respectively. Davis was looking to sell the items to a collector to defray her son's medical expenses. She asked NASA for assistance, which turned out to be a mistake. NASA sent the feds after her.

Davis may have told the government what she was up to, but the government didn't return the favor. Instead, it decided to engage in sting operation, because that's obviously the best way to deal with a 74-year-old woman trying to pay medical expenses -- and who had made the government fully aware of her NASA-related items and her planned sale of them.

"Jeff," the government's undercover man posing as an interested buyer, met with Davis at a Denny's. Outside were six armed federal agents. The only person with Davis was her 70-year-old friend, Paul Cilley. From the opinion [PDF]:

Once Davis, Cilley, and “Jeff” were seated in a booth inside the restaurant and exchanged pleasantries, Davis placed the paperweights on the table. “Jeff” said he thought the heat shield was worth about $2,000. Shortly thereafter, Conley announced himself as a “special agent,” and another officer’s hand reached over Davis, grabbed her hand, and took the moon rock paperweight. Simultaneously, a different officer grabbed Cilley by the back of the neck and restrained him by holding his arm behind his back in a bent-over position. Then, an officer grabbed Davis by the arm, pulling her from the booth. At this time, Davis claims that she felt like she was beginning to lose control of her bladder. One of the officers took her purse. Both Cilley and Davis were compliant. Four officers escorted them to the restaurant parking lot for questioning after patting them down to ensure that neither was armed.

If this itself seems excessive, well… hold the government's beer.

Davis claims that she told officers twice during the escort that she needed to use the restroom, but that they did not answer and continued walking her toward an SUV where Conley was waiting. Davis subsequently urinated in her clothing. Although their accounts differ in some respects, Conley and Davis agree that he knew she was wearing urine-soaked pants as he interrogated her in the restaurant parking lot. Davis claims that she was not allowed an opportunity to clean herself or change her clothing, despite communicating to Conley several times that she was “very uncomfortable.”

Conley is Norman Conley, the federal agent whose immunity remains stripped. For whatever reason, Conley appeared to believe it wasn't enough to have both the disputed property in hand and a fully-compliant suspect who had already informed NASA about her plans to sell them.

Conley then proceeded to question Davis for one-and-a-half to two hours, during which time Davis remained standing in the same place.

In urine-soaked pants, lest we forget.

Conley apparently felt he just wasn't threatening enough. He brought more muscle for the urine-soaked, Denny's parking lot interrogation of a 74-year-old woman.

[W]hile Conley questioned her, another officer wearing a flack jacket stood behind her and pushed her each time she shifted her weight or stepped backwards. During the questioning, Conley kept Davis’s purse and car keys and told her repeatedly that “they still really want to take you in,” and that she needed to give him more information before he could release her. She was kept from going to her car. At least ninety minutes had passed when Conley told Davis she was free to leave.

Here's the depressing coda:

After the sting operation was complete and NASA lunar experts were able to confirm the moon rock’s authenticity, Conley opened a full investigation. The investigation was closed when the U.S. Attorney in Orlando, Florida, formally declined to prosecute Davis. Davis’s son died seven months after the incident.

As the appeals court points out, Conley's own admissions cancel out his qualified immunity defense.

At the time of the detention, Conley was aware of several facts that color the reasonableness of his actions.

First, Conley knew that Davis was a slight, elderly woman, who was then nearly seventy-five years old and less than five feet tall.

Second, he knew that Davis lost control of her bladder during the search and was wearing visibly wet pants.

Third, he knew that Davis and Cilley were unarmed and that the search warrant had been fully executed by the time Davis was escorted to the parking lot.

Fourth, Conley knew that Davis had not concealed possession of the paperweights, but rather had reached out to NASA for help in selling the paperweights.

Finally, because all but the first of the phone calls between Davis and “Jeff” were recorded, Conley knew the exact content of most of those conversations, including that Davis was experiencing financial distress as a result of having to raise grandchildren after her daughter died, her son was severely ill and required expensive medical care, and Davis needed a transplant. Those conversations also revealed Davis’s desire to sell the paperweights in a legal manner and her belief that she possessed them legally because they were a gift to her late husband.

If Conley didn't want to be held accountable for civil liberties violations, the court says he probably shouldn't have violated them so thoroughly.

Because the moon rock paperweight had been seized and both Davis and Cilley had already been searched for other weapons and contraband, Conley had no law enforcement interest in detaining Davis for two hours while she stood wearing urine-soaked pants in a restaurant’s parking lot during the lunch rush. This is precisely the type of “unusual case” involving “special circumstances” that leads us to conclude that a detention is unreasonable. Conley’s detention of Davis, an elderly woman, was unreasonably prolonged and unnecessarily degrading.

There are multiple ways this could have been handled and Conley chose the path most likely to result in a civil rights lawsuit. Maybe he thought Davis would never go so far as to sue him. Maybe this is just how Agent Conley handles everything: with as much force and intimidation as possible, even if nothing about the situation warrants it. Whatever the case, Conley will now have to face Davis' allegations in court, with no shield in front of him. Hopefully, he'll find the experience to be nearly as uncomfortable as what he put Joann Davis through.


Poster Comment:

Conley apparently felt he just wasn't threatening enough. He brought more muscle for the urine-soaked, Denny's parking lot interrogation of a 74-year-old woman.

[W]hile Conley questioned her, another officer wearing a flack jacket stood behind her and pushed her each time she shifted her weight or stepped backwards. During the questioning, Conley kept Davis’s purse and car keys and told her repeatedly that “they still really want to take you in,” and that she needed to give him more information before he could release her. She was kept from going to her car. At least ninety minutes had passed when Conley told Davis she was free to leave.

Here's the depressing coda:

After the sting operation was complete and NASA lunar experts were able to confirm the moon rock’s authenticity, Conley opened a full investigation. The investigation was closed when the U.S. Attorney in Orlando, Florida, formally declined to prosecute Davis. Davis’s son died seven months after the incident.

Seems that the only "heroes" at NASA were the astronauts.

The treatment of this woman was beyond despicable - I'm sure we can all agree on that.

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#1. To: Deckard (#0)

No immunity - take his money. Take his property. Leave him living in a trailer, where the police will treat him unkindly.

Vicomte13  posted on  2017-04-21   10:08:15 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#2. To: Deckard (#0)

Relatives and friends of NASA personnel have received what they believe are gifts from them -- items containing moon rock pieces, or heat shield fragments, or whatever.

The law is pretty well known. I certainly knew it was illegal for any private individual to own moon rocks. Quite a number of them have gone missing over the years and NASA has had a steady stream of cases where they try to recover them, this being the latest.

They could force her to drop her lawsuit or they will retrench and file criminal charges against her in Florida for theft. But in stripping the senior agent of his immunity, the court has opened him up to procedural civil rights violations. However, the court in no way excused this woman's husband stealing what was clearly NASA's property.

"Jeff," the government's undercover man posing as an interested buyer, met with Davis at a Denny's. Outside were six armed federal agents.

So in this story, they weren't a "SWAT team" as was reported earlier.

In truth, they were agents from NASA's inspector general's office. It is alleged they were armed and that may be true. However, there is no reporting that they pulled any guns on her.

Tooconservative  posted on  2017-04-21   10:22:54 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#3. To: Tooconservative (#2)

They could force her to drop her lawsuit or they will retrench and file criminal charges against her in Florida for theft.

Since it's ruled he has lost qualified immunity, technically, NASA is a disinterested party. He's being sued in his personal capacity, not as a NASA employee.

For the state to respond to this civil suit by filing criminal charges would be grossly unethical. You don't charge people with crimes because they sue for civil rights violations.

Whatever the merits of the case against the woman, it has no bearing on the conduct of Conley in executing the warrant he apparently had.

Pinguinite  posted on  2017-04-21   13:35:27 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#4. To: Pinguinite (#3) (Edited)

Since it's ruled he has lost qualified immunity, technically, NASA is a disinterested party. He's being sued in his personal capacity, not as a NASA employee.

Is she going to be able to take his house or car because she voluntarily entered the restaurant and, in short order, was apprehended?

If it was a matter of only an hour in the restaurant (which it sounds like), is he culpable because Granny Moonrockthief couldn't hold it in and peed her pants?

Is it so unreasonable to expect someone not to pee themselves over the course of 2.5 hours?

Maybe Granny StolenRocks just forgot to put on her Depends and now wants to blame someone else for it. We do know that she was trying to extort NASA for a couple of million to sell their own lawfully-owned rocks back to them after her husband stole those rocks.

Tooconservative  posted on  2017-04-21   14:03:22 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#5. To: Tooconservative (#4)

Is she going to be able to take his house or car because she voluntarily entered the restaurant and, in short order, was apprehended?

Of course not. Now *you* are the one distorting the events.

If it was a matter of only an hour in the restaurant (which it sounds like), is he culpable because Granny Moonrockthief couldn't hold it in and peed her pants?

Is it so unreasonable to expect someone not to pee themselves over the course of 2.5 hours?

Maybe Granny StolenRocks just forgot to put on her Depends and now wants to blame someone else for it.

The point of removing qualified immunity is NOT to conclude the defendant is at fault, or determine a damage amount. It only allows the suit to go forward so that your questions, among others, can be answered. He may yet be found liable for damages in the amount of $0.

We do know that she was trying to extort NASA for a couple of million

I believe that is factually untrue.

to sell their own lawfully-owned rocks back to them after her husband stole those rocks.

We also know there was clearly no criminal intent or attempt to conceal what she was doing. In fact, she wasn't even being passive about the possession, but voluntarily informed NASA that she had them. Seems to me there was no need to obtain any search warrant.

Pinguinite  posted on  2017-04-21   15:10:45 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#6. To: Pinguinite (#5)

NASA should have just shown up at her door and demanded them, warrant in hand.

I would have no problem with that. But I don't have a problem with how they handled it either.

She's lucky she's not being prosecuted IMO. Claiming a personal ignorance of the law is never considered a get-out-of-jail-free card.

Tooconservative  posted on  2017-04-21   15:31:36 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


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